The service applications in SharePoint 2010 are the evolution of the Shared Service Provider, which was new in SharePoint 2007. One disadvantage of the Shared Service Provider was that you were not able to distribute the several services on different machines, or just disable a service, when it was not needed.

With the service applications in SharePoint 2010 we have several options to deliver the services in our farm. See Microsoft Technet for a quick overview on service applications (http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/library/cc560988.aspx).

But which service applications are available in which edition of SharePoint, and which service applications are automatically configured and started, when the configuration wizard has finished?

 

Foundation

Search Server

Standard Edition

Enterprise Edition

Access Services

     

A,M,N

Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service Application

A

A

A

A

Application Registry Service

   

A

A

Business Data Connectivity Service (Foundation, Server)

A,M,N

A,M,N

A,M,N

A,M,N

Excel Services Application

     

A,M,N

Managed Metadata Service

   

A,M,N

A,M,N

PerformancePoint Service Application

     

A,M,N

Search Administration Web Service for Search Service Application

 

A

A

A

Search Service Application

 

A,M,N

A,M,N

A,M,N

Secure Store Service

 

A,M,N

A,M,N

A,M,N

Security Token Service Application

A

A

A

A

State Service

 

A

A

A

Usage and Health data collection

A,M

A,M

A,M

A,M

User Profile Service Application

   

A,M,N

A,M,N

Visio Graphics Service

     

A,M,N

Web Analytics Service Application

 

A,N

A,N

A,N

Word Automation Service

   

A,M,N

A,M,N

A: available
M: can be managed
N: new instances can be added

Additionally we have, like in SharePoint 2007, the services on server. Depending on the SharePoint edition, you installed in your farm, you see several services. The next table shows the services, depending on the SharePoint edition, and if they are running after the configuration wizard has finished:

 

Foundation

Search Server

Standard Edition

Enterprise Edition

Access Database Service

     

R

Application Registry Service

   

R

R

Business Data Connectivity Service

R

R

R

R

Central Administration

R

R

R

R

Claims to Windows Token Service

S

S

S

S

Document Conversions Launcher Service

   

S,C

S,C

Document Conversions Load Balancer Service

   

S,C

S,C

Excel Calculation Service

     

R

Lotus Notes Connector

 

S

S

S

Managed Metadata Web Service

   

R

R

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Incoming E-Mail

R

R

R

R

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Sandboxed Code Service

S

S

S

S

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Subscription Settings Service

S

S

S

S

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Web Application

R

R

R

R

Microsoft SharePoint Foundation Workflow Timer Service

R,C

R,C

R,C

R,C

PerformancePoint Service

     

R

Search Query and Site Settings Service

 

R

R

R

Secure Store Service

 

R

R

R

SharePoint Foundation Search

S,C

S,C

S,C

S,C

SharePoint Server Search

 

R,C

R,C

R,C

User Profile Service

   

R

R

User Profile Synchronization Service

   

S

S

Visio Graphics Service

     

R

Web Analytics Data Processing Service

 

R

R

R

Web Analytics Web Service

 

R

R

R

Word Automation Service

   

R

R

R: running
S: stopped
C: can be configured

As you can see, each edition in the stack brings some new services (or service applications). Additionally you may see that using Search Server 2010 Express instead of SharePoint Foundation 2010 will bring some additional features like State Services of Web Analytics Services.     

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