SharePoint Server 2010 supports several Service Applications, the evolution of the components of the Shared Service Provider. Here is a short overview about the several Service Applications (available in the Enterprise Edition) and how the could be configured. Some of the Service Application can only be configured using PowerShell cmdlets.

 

Could be configured in Farm Configuration Wizard

Automatically configured and started

Selectable in <New> in Service Applications

Consume from another farm

Access Services (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Application Discovery and Load Balancer Service Application

 

X

   

Application Registry Service (TechNet)

X

     

Business Data Connectivity Service (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Excel Service Application (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Lotus Notes Connector (TechNet)

(X)

   

X

Managed Metadata Service (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

PerformancePoint Service Application (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Search Service Application (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Secure Store Service (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Security Token Service Application (TechNet)

 

X

   

State Service (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

     

Usage and Health data collection (TechNet)

X

     

User Profile Service Application (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Visio Graphics Service (TechNet, PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Web Analytics Service Application (PowerShell)

X

 

X

X

Word Automation Services (PowerShell)

X

 

X

 

 

Most of these Service Applications use their own databases. If you need to move or rename one of those databases, follow this article in TechNet.

Additionally there are several PowerShell cmdlets available to administer the Service Applications in SharePoint 2010.

To get an overview about the configuration of the farm, TechNet provides a PowerShell-script to create a documentation of the farm.

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